Opel Astra, Zafira

since 1998 of release

Repair and car operation



Opel Astra
+ Opel Astra and Zafira Cars
- Operation manual
   Dashboard
   Information display
   Additional electronic devices
   Access, protection
   Illumination of salon
   Elements of systems of safety of the car
   Salon equipment
   Comfort
   Operation receptions
+ Routine maintenance
+ Engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment




Dashboard

Appearance and arrangement of separate elements in cars of various updatings can differ from given on an accompanying illustration.


Arrangement of governing bodies on the car dashboard

1 — the Regulator of an inclination of optical axes of headlights, switches of fog lights and back foggy lamps, a regulator of intensity of illumination of devices
2 — the Switch of management of functioning external lighting devices / inclusion of illumination of devices
3 — Deflectors of lateral air lines of system of ventilation / heating of salon
4 — Left podrulevy the switch of management of functioning of indexes of turn, a choice of a mode of head headlights, alarm systems distant lights / managements of functioning темпостата
5 — Pictograms of designation of the button of a horn
6 — the Combination of devices
7 — Right podrulevy the switch of management of functioning of washers of glasses and (at the corresponding complete set) lenses head headlights / switch of modes of the onboard processor
8 — Deflectors of the central air lines of system of ventilation / heating of salon
9 — the Switch of the alarm system
10 — the Display digital hours / measuring instrument of temperature of an external air / radio receiver / information and entertaining system / the onboard processor
11 — the Radio receiver / information and entertaining system
12 — the Cover of the module of a passenger safety cushion

13 — the Ware box
14 — the Control panel functioning of systems of heating / ventilation / conditioning
15 — the Switch of management of functioning of the electric drive of window regulators (Cabriolet model)
16 — Switches of a choice of modes of air circulation and inclusion of heating of back glass
17 — the Lighter / socket of onboard power supply
18 — the Ware pocket
19 — the Switch of management of functioning of the electric drive of harmonious top (Cabriolet model)
20 — the Ashtray
21 — the Lock of ignition / blocking of a steering column
22 — a gas Pedal
23 — the Handle of management of adjustment of provision of a steering column
24 — a brake Pedal
25 — a coupling Pedal
26 — the Ware box / the assembly block of safety locks
27 — the Lever of a drive of an otpuskaniye of a latch of the lock of a cowl


The scheme of an arrangement of control lamps / light indicators and instrumentations on an instrument guard of the car

The arrow showed location of the adjusting button of the digital display.

Combination of devices

Control lamps and light indicators of the dashboard

Completeness of a complete set of the dashboard control lamps and light indicators depends on car updating.

Control lamp of an automatic regulator of a tilt angle of optical axes of headlights

The control lamp is located in the left part of a combination of devices over a measuring instrument of temperature and quickly works at inclusion of ignition and should go out some seconds later after implementation of start of the engine. Activation of a control lamp during movement indicates violation of serviceability of functioning of a regulator. For elimination of causes of failure address to specialists of car-care center.

Control lamp of system of additional safety (SRS)

This control lamp serves for the notification of the driver from refusals in electric chains of systems of additional safety of SRS (a safety cushion, emergency natyazhitel of belts)

Control lamp «Do not forget to fasten belts!»

Short-term operation of a control lamp at inclusion of ignition is accompanied by a sound signal and serves as the prevention to the driver and passengers about need to fasten seat belts before a start of motion.

Control lamp of brake system / hydraulic drive of coupling

If the control lamp continues to burn at the included ignition, it is necessary to check completeness of an otpuskaniye of the parking brake. Operation of this lamp can testify also to lowering of level of working liquid in GTTs tanks or the cylinder of a hydraulic actuator of coupling.

Control lamp of system of cooling of the engine with electronic control

The control lamp quickly works at inclusion of ignition and should go out some seconds later after implementation of start of the engine. Lamp activation during movement testifies to malfunction in a chain of a contour of cooling of the engine or the air conditioner. The electronic control system is automatically transferred to emergency operation of functioning that allows to continue movement. Check level of cooling liquid (see. Head Routine maintenance). For elimination of causes of failure address to specialists of car-care center.

Control lamp of the device of preheat of the engine (diesel models)

Activation of this control lamp occurs only at operation of system of preheat of the diesel engine at low ambient temperatures.

Control lamp of electronic control systems of the engine / automatic transmission / blocking of start

The control lamp quickly works at inclusion of ignition and should go out some seconds later after implementation of start of the engine. Refusal of a lamp of switching off testifies to malfunction in system of electronic control by the engine or AT. The control system thus is automatically switched in emergency operation of functioning that can be accompanied by a certain increase of fuel consumption and decrease in capacity developed by the engine. Address for the help to specialists of car-care center.


In some cases elimination of malfunction can achieve by switching off of ignition and performance of repeated attempt of start of the engine.

If at ignition inclusion the lamp starts to function in a flashing mode, violation in system of blocking of start of the engine therefore takes place — turn the ignition key in extreme left situation, take it from the lock, then insert again and repeat attempt. In case of need try to use a spare key, or address for the help to specialists of car-care center.

Control lamp of a charge

The control lamp quickly works at inclusion of ignition and should go out some seconds later after implementation of start of the engine. Refusal of a lamp of switching off testifies to malfunction in charge system. It is necessary to stop movement and to switch off ignition. Check effort of a tension of a belt of a drive of the generator, reliability of fastening of terminal connections of electroconducting of the generator, and also durability of a tightening of bolts of fastening of the generator.


On the models equipped with Z12XE, Y20DTL, Y20DTH and Y22DTR engines the probability of violation of serviceability of functioning of system of cooling of the power unit is not excluded also. In case of need address for the help to specialists of car-care center.

Control lamp of engine failures («Check the engine» / MIL)

The control lamp quickly works at inclusion of ignition and should go out some seconds later after implementation of start of the engine. Refusal of a lamp of switching off testifies to malfunction of the engine or violation of serviceability of functioning any of knots of systems of decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases. Try to avoid at further movement of sharp sets of speed and high turns of the engine. At the first possibility address for the help to specialists of car-care center.

Lamp inclusion in a flashing mode during movement warns the driver about the refusal, capable to bring to failure of the catalytic converter, it is necessary to address immediately for the help on the next car repair shop.

Control lamp of pressure of oil

The control lamp quickly works at inclusion of ignition and should go out some seconds later after implementation of start of the engine. Also short-term operations of a lamp at operation of the engine on single turns are allowed. At refusal of shutdown of a control lamp after start implementation its engine / operation during movement it is necessary to muffle immediately the engine and to check level and pressure of impellent oil. In case of need make correction of level of oil (see. Head Routine maintenance). At the first possibility make diagnostics of a condition of the engine at firm car repair shop of the company manufacturer of a vehicle.

Control lamp of activation of fog lights

The control lamp works at activation of fog lights and continues to burn before switching off of the last.

Control lamp of activation of a driving beam of headlights

The indicator differs characteristic violet color of a luminescence and is activated at transfer of head headlights of the car to a mode of a driving beam (constant or alarm).

Control lamp of activation of back foggy lamps

The control lamp works at activation of back foggy lamps and continues to burn before switching off of the last.

Indicators of indexes of turns

Activation corresponding of indicators occurs at inclusion of indexes of the right or left turn. Turning on of the alarm system leads to simultaneous operation of both indicators.


The appreciable increase in frequency of gleams testifies to failure any of lamps of indexes of turns.

Control lamp of transfer of AT in a sports mode (at the corresponding complete set of the car)

On models of the corresponding complete set operation of this control lamp accompanies transfer of AT to a sports mode.

Control lamp of antiprobuksovochny system (TCS) / protivozanosny system (ESP)

The control lamp quickly works at inclusion of ignition and should go out some seconds later after implementation of start of the engine. Switching off of a lamp testifies to transition of electronic systems of stabilization of a course of ESP/TCS to an active condition. A blinking of this control lamp activation of process of regulation of draft at operation of ESP/TCS systems proves to be true.


Operation of systems of electronic stabilization of movement can be accompanied by insignificant decrease in capacity developed by the engine (the noise background made by the engine will change). The probability of an automatic pritormazhivaniye of the car is not excluded also.


The ESP system serves for prevention of risk of loss of management by a vehicle in emergency situations and its operation should remind the driver of need of coordination of a high-speed mode with a paving condition.

Control lamp of system of anti-blocking of brakes (ABS)

The control lamp quickly works at inclusion of ignition and should go out some seconds later after implementation of start of the engine. Switching off of a lamp testifies to completion of procedure of self-diagnostics of ABS and transition of system to an active condition.


Process of self-diagnostics of ABS can be accompanied by specific sounds. Refusal of a lamp of switching off, or its operation during movement testifies to identification by system of self-diagnostics of malfunctions in ABS chain. The brake system thus passes to a mode of usual functioning that means possibility of free continuation of movement. For debugging address for the help to specialists of firm car repair shop of the company manufacturer of a vehicle.


The built-in system of self-diagnostics of ABS allows to simplify essentially process of search and elimination of causes of failures of system.


At simultaneous operation of control lamps of ABS and brake system it is necessary to stop immediately movement, having gradually dumped speed to deduce a vehicle from a stream and to park on a safe site of the road. It is necessary to brake with extra care, avoiding sharp pressing a pedal.

Control lamp of a reserve of fuel

Inclusion of this control lamp in a continuous mode testifies that the stock of fuel comes to an end and it is necessary to make car filling at the first possibility. Transition of a lamp to a flashing mode means that the stock of fuel is spent completely.


Try not to allow complete production of fuel! In a special measure this prevention belongs to diesel models, air removal from which power supply system is among enough labor-consuming procedures.

Control lamp of indexes of turn of the trailer

At trailer towage this light indicator at activation of indexes of turn turns on in a flashing mode. Frequency of gleams of the indicator coincides with frequency of gleams of the main control lamps of indexes of turns. Failure of a lamp of any of turn indexes on the trailer or the car leads to refusal of operations of the indicator.

Control lamp of registration of employment of seats



The control lamp of registration of employment of seats is built in in assembly of the forward ceiling lamp.

Installation on the right forward place of a special seat for transportation of children of younger age of firm production of the Opel company should lead to automatic shutdown of a passenger safety cushion. If at installation of the Danish seat there is no operation of a control lamp of registration of employment, the children's seat should be transferred on one of back places. The blinking of a control lamp testifies to violation of correctness of installation or malfunction of a transponder of a children's seat — in case of need address for the help to specialists of firm car repair shop of the company manufacturer of the car.

Measuring instruments and indexes

Tachometer

The tachometer represents a measuring instrument of frequency of turns of the engine. The dial of a tachometer is built in at the left in the central part of an instrument guard (see an illustration the Scheme of an arrangement of control lamps / light indicators and instrumentations on an instrument guard of the car) and allows to define frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft of the engine in revolutions per minute (the indication read out from a scale should be multiplied on 100). The maximum admissible values are given in Specifications to Head Routine maintenance.

Speedometer

The speedometer shows the current speed of movement of a vehicle. The dial of a speedometer is built in on the right in the central part of an instrument guard (see an illustration the Scheme of an arrangement of control lamps / light indicators and instrumentations on an instrument guard of the car).

Odometer

The odometer serves for registration of the general run of a vehicle. Indications of the odometer are deduced in the bottom field of the digital display which has been built in in the lower part of the dial of a speedometer (see an illustration the Scheme of an arrangement of control lamps / light indicators and instrumentations on an instrument guard of the car).

At the switched-off ignition indication of the general run joins by short-term squeezing of the adjusting button and remains active within about 15 seconds.

Counter of the current run

The counter is intended for registration of the current run of the car from the moment of zeroing of own indications. Indications of the counter are deduced in the top field of the digital display which has been built in in the lower part of the dial of a speedometer (see an illustration the Scheme of an arrangement of control lamps / light indicators and instrumentations on an instrument guard of the car). Zeroing of the counter is made by means of 2-second squeezing of the adjusting button at the activated indication of the current run (model with the multipurpose digital display — see below) (see in the same place).

Built in in the speedometer dial the multipurpose digital display

On some models in the dial of a speedometer the multipurpose digital display, allowing to deduce in its top field besides indications of the counter of registration of the current run in addition time of day and indication of intervals of service is mounted.

Switching between modes of indication is made by short-term pressing of the adjusting button (see an illustration the Scheme of an arrangement of control lamps / light indicators and instrumentations on an instrument guard of the car).

Brightness of indication of the display is regulated by the same regulator, as intensity of illumination of devices (see an illustration the Arrangement of governing bodies on the car dashboard). Adjustment of indications of a chronometer is made by means of the same adjusting button, which 2-second squeezing in a mode of indication of time leads to transition to an adjustment mode at first hour indications (is corrected by short-term pressing of the button), then — after the next 2-second keeping of the button — minute. The exit from a mode of adjustment is made also by 2-second keeping of the adjusting button pressed.


If at ignition inclusion in the top field of the multipurpose digital display the indication 1_SP is deduced, therefore, within one week, or later no more than 500 km of run it is necessary to make the next service of the car.


The periods of idle time of a vehicle from the disconnected battery room of the battery are not considered by the registrar of intervals of routine maintenance.

The index of temperature of cooling liquid of the engine

The index of temperature of cooling liquid of the engine is built in in the left part of an instrument guard and serves for control of temperature characteristics of the power unit.


Control of temperature of cooling liquid for the constructive reasons can be made only at its level in system. The engine exit in a normal operating temperature mode proves to be true transition of an arrow of the index to average situation (between marks 80 and 100).


At operation of the engine the system of cooling is under superfluous pressure therefore indications of a measuring instrument can quickly rise out of mark 100°С limits. Arrow shift in the range of a scale allocated with red color testifies to an overheat — it is necessary to stop immediately movement, to muffle the engine and to check level of cooling liquid (in case of need make the corresponding adjustment — see. Head Routine maintenance). Refusal of operation of the fan of system of cooling can be one more reason of an overheat — check serviceability of functioning of the corresponding sensor switch.

Index of a stock of fuel

The index of a stock of fuel is located in the right part of an instrument guard. After complete filling of a fuel tank of the shooter of the index finds a way out, corresponding to the maximum filling after a certain run of a vehicle. When lowering arrow in borders of the range allocated with red color measuring scale / operation of a control lamp of a reserve of fuel it is necessary to make car refueling at the first possibility.


Try not to allow complete production of fuel! In a special measure this prevention belongs to diesel models, air removal from which power supply system is among enough labor-consuming procedures.


In view of that in a tank always there is a certain quantity of the remains of fuel, the actual volume of complete filling can differ a little from nominal rate in the smaller party.

The governing bodies located on the dashboard and a steering column

Switch of management of functioning of external lighting devices / running fires / illumination of devices


Appearance of the switch of management of functioning of external lighting devices / running fires / illumination of devices

o — Is switched off
— Marker lights and illumination of devices are included
— To marker lights the passing beam of headlights (illumination of devices remains included) is added

By means of this switch (see an illustration the Arrangement of governing bodies on dashboards of the car and Appearance of the switch of management / running fires / illumination of devices) is made by functioning of external lighting devices inclusion running, and also dashboard illuminations. In position 0 of the rotary handle of the switch all external lighting devices and illumination of the dashboard remain switched off.

On the models equipped with system of running fires of light time of day (DRL) at included ignition and in position 0 of the handle of the switch head headlights are automatically transferred to a mode of a passing beam, illumination of devices thus is not activated.


At transfer of the handle to average situation inclusion of marker lights and lamps of illumination of back registration plate is made, and also illumination of the dashboard and functional salonny switches is activated.


For transfer of head headlights of the car to a mode of a passing beam it is necessary to turn the switch handle in extreme right situation.


Transfer of head headlights to a mode of a constant driving beam by means of the left podrulevy switch (see below) can be made only in this position of the rotary handle.


Procrastination of the rotary handle on itself leads to compulsory inclusion of illumination of salon.

Brightness control of illumination of devices is made by means of the switch built in on the right under the handle and marked from above by the pictogram in the form of the symbolical image of a tsiferblatny measuring instrument wheel рычажкового a potentiometer (see an illustration Appearance of the switch of management of functioning of external lighting devices / running fires / illumination of devices).

Switches of fog lights and back foggy lamps

Push-button switches of management are located functioning of fog lights and back foggy lamps directly under the handle of the switch of management of functioning of external lighting devices, between a wheel potentiometer of adjustment of intensity of illumination of devices and a regulator of an inclination of optical axes of head headlights (see an illustration Appearance of the switch of management of functioning of external lighting devices / running fires / illumination of devices).

By means of this button inclusion and switching off of fog lights is made.


At the included headlights the control lamp is activated built in in the switch button.


This button is intended for inclusion / switching off of back foggy lamps.


At the included lamps the control lamp is activated built in in the switch button.

Regulator of the direction of optical axes of headlights

Wheel рычажковый the switch is built in at the left under the handle of the switch of management of functioning of external lighting devices (see an illustration Appearance of the switch of management of functioning of external lighting devices / running fires / illumination of devices) and marked from above with the pictogram.

Adjustment is made by transfer a switch rychazhka in one of four regular provisions at the included passing beam of head headlights. At the correct adjustment of an inclination of block headlights concerning a body the risk of dazzle of drivers of counter and passing vehicles is excluded.

The scheme of adjustment is presented in Specifications at the beginning of Head. About refusals of functioning of proof-readers of provision of headlights prevents operation of the special control lamp which has been built in in a combination of devices over assembly of a measuring instrument of temperature.


Depending on a car complete set the range of change of an inclination of optical axes of headlights between positions 2 and 3 of the switch can be very narrow.

Left podrulevy switch

By means of the left podrulevy switch the choice of a mode of functioning of head headlights (a passing / driving beam) is made, the alarm system is carried out by a driving beam, and also indexes of turns are activated.

In normal situation (is closer to a steering wheel) switch lever head headlights are in a mode of a passing beam (at the relevant position of the rotary handle of the switch of management by functioning of external lighting devices — see above item. Switch of management of functioning of external lighting devices / running fires / illumination of devices). For transfer of headlights to a mode of a driving beam it is necessary to wring out the switch lever from itself, having transferred it to the second stationary situation — on the dashboard the corresponding control lamp (see above item will work. Control lamp of activation of a driving beam of headlights). Return of the switch to starting (normal) position leads to switching off of a driving beam and transition of headlights to a mode of a passing beam.

For short-term inclusion of a driving beam of headlights for the purpose of giving of a light signal it is necessary to delay the lever of the left podrulevy switch on itself.


The alarm system a driving beam can be made in any position of the rotary handle of the switch of management by functioning of external lighting devices (see an illustration Appearance of the switch of management by functioning of external lighting devices / running fires / illumination of devices).


Moving of the lever of the left podrulevy switch to the top or bottom stationary situation (before click) leads to activation of indexes of the corresponding turn.


Shutdown of indexes of turns occurs to return of the lever to neutral (average) situation automatically at return of a steering wheel to rectilinear situation. There is also a possibility of short-term inclusion of indexes (for example for the prevention of change of a ryadnost of movement) — it is necessary to displace the lever up or down without leading up it to click — in this case shutdown of indexes will occur at a lever otpuskaniye.


Activation of indexes of turns is accompanied by operation of the corresponding light indicators on an instrument guard (see above item. A control lamp of activation of back foggy lamps) and distinct clicks published by the breaker.

Right podrulevy switch

On the models equipped with the multipurpose graphic information display, in a face part of the lever of the right podrulevy switch buttons of switching of modes of the display (see below) are built in.

By means of this switch management of functioning of screen wipers and supply of liquid of washing of glasses is made.

On considered models switches of management are used by cleaners of a windscreen of two types: computer-controlled (with the rain sensor) and without. In both options the lever of the right podrulevy switch is capable to move in the vertical plane with installation to one of four stationary provisions, the pictograms corresponding to each of provisions, are put on the forward party of the switch. Difference is that at a choice of the situation of the lever of the switch second from below, in one case screen wipers are transferred to a mode of usual interval functioning, in the second the sensor of a rain defines a quantity of water, being on a surface of a windscreen and automatically regulates the period of operation of brushes.

"O" — Screen wipers are switched off
"-" — The Interval / automatic mode of functioning of screen wipers
"-" — The Constant low-high-speed mode of functioning of screen wipers
«— the Constant high-speed mode of functioning of screen wipers


At procrastination of the lever of the right podrulevy switch on itself supply of washing liquid on a windscreen and lenses of head headlights (if the last are included) joins. At supply of liquid on a windscreen screen wipers make several running cycles.


In option of computer-controlled execution (see above) it is necessary to include periodically supply of washing liquid for the purpose of maintenance in purity a working field of the sensor of a rain.


For inclusion of a cleaner / washer of back glass on the Hatchback models and the Versatile person it is necessary to take away the lever of the right podrulevy switch from itself. Two working position of the lever is thus provided, in first of which the screen wiper joins only, in the second (to hold the lever wrung out against the stop) giving on glass of washing liquid is in addition activated.


In the first working situation the screen wiper of back glass will work in an interval mode with the fixed delay, in the second — is continuous.

Switch of the alarm system

The push-button switch of the alarm system is located in the central part of the dashboard between lattices of deflectors of the central air lines (see an illustration the Arrangement of governing bodies on the car dashboard). Turning on of the alarm system leads to simultaneous activation in a normal flashing mode of all indexes of turns, and also is accompanied by functioning of the corresponding control lamps on an instrument guard and in the switch button. Frequency of gleams the same, as at work of indexes of turns in view of use of the general breaker.

Sound signal

For inclusion of a sound signal it is enough to press the central overlay of a steering wheel marked with pictograms with the image of a horn.

Switch of heating of back glass and external rear-view mirrors

The button of the switch of heating back glasses / rear-view mirrors is built in in the lower part of the control panel of functioning of systems of heating / ventilation of salon / air conditioning. Outside the pictogram is put on the button, the control lamp, continuing to burn all the time while heaters remain included is inside built in.


In a chain of heaters the timer making automatic shutdown of supply of electricity to ТЭНам on the expiration of control term (15 minutes) is built in. This option allows to avoid an excessive discharge of the storage battery, inevitable in view of high power consumption of heating elements.

Switches of remote control by a radio receiver

At the corresponding complete set of the car of the button of remote control a radio receiver are located from both parties of a stupichny part of a steering wheel.

Search of the next active frequency in the increasing
Search of the next active frequency in the decreasing
In a radio reception mode: control for the set frequency of a broadcasting; in the CD mode (at the corresponding complete set): playing of the established compact disc since the beginning
«— Increase in loudness
"-" — Loudness Reduction
"About" — Switching from a radio reception mode in a tape recorder or compact player mode (at the corresponding complete set)

Switches of management of functioning of the electric drive of external rear-view mirrors

On models with a manual drive of external mirrors adjustment of their situation is made by means of the mirrors of rychazhok located from the interior of the bases — see. Elements of systems of safety of the car.


On the models equipped with the electric drive of adjustment of external rear-view mirrors, the switch of management is located functioning of the electric drive from the interior of forward doors of the car in places of their adjunction to the dashboard. The choice of a mirror subject to adjustment is made by moving to the relevant party of the top polzunkovy switch. Actually adjustment is carried out by means of the bottom rotational switch. Do not forget to return on termination of adjustment the polzunkovy switch in average (neutral) situation in order to avoid risk of casual violation of demanded provision of a mirror.