Opel Astra, Zafira
since 1998 of release
Repair and car operation
+ Opel Astra and Zafira Cars
- Operation manual
Additional electronic devices
Illumination of salon
Elements of systems of safety of the car
+ Routine maintenance
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
Elements of systems of safety of the car
Cars considered in the real Management are equipped with a complex of the means intended for protection of the driver and passengers in case of a road accident. The seats equipped with head restraints, seat belts, emergency automatic natyazhitel of belts and a safety cushion of the driver and the forward passenger here enter.
Some components of system of safety, being an integral part of a design of the car, do not demand additional attention from the owner of a vehicle. The strong steel frame forming a design of a cabin in which the salon is located belongs to their number; the forward and back zones of deformation absorbing energy of blow at collision, and also devices of an automatic tension of seat belts (an additional complete set) which automatically carry out a tension of belts in case of blow.
For safety of the driver and passengers all seats of the car are equipped with seat belts.
In the dashboard of some models the special control lamp reminding to the driver and passengers about need to be fastened by seat belts (is built in see. Dashboard).
Safety cushions of the driver and passenger
The owner of the car equipped with SRS system, is obliged to know the most important points about a design and a principle of action of elements of system:
Effectively to execute the protective function, the safety cushion should be developed from the combined condition in working for very short time. Therefore a safety cushion, protecting the driver / the forward passenger from heavy mutilations, in some cases saving their life, can become the travmirovaniye reason, and sometimes and serious mutilations, up to a lethal outcome if the driver or the forward passenger were not properly fastened by seat belts or occupied supernumerary situation on seats.
To reduce probability of a travmirovaniye a pillow, it is necessary to be fastened always by seat belts and to settle down on a driver's seat on the greatest possible removal from the helmsman of the wheel / dashboard.
Provision of seats and their backs
The design of seats of the car guarantees the maximum comfort to the person sitting in them, at the same time providing conditions of the most effective implementation of the functions with belts and safety cushions. Soft stuffing of pillows and backs provides additional protection sitting in emergencies.
The choice of provision of a seat also influences safety of the person sitting in it. For example, at excessive approach of a seat to the helmsman of the wheel / dashboard the risk of a travmirovaniye sitting at safety cushion operation, and also risk of ejection through a windscreen increases at a head-on collision.
The increase in an inclination of a back of a seat will worsen body fixing by a seat belt — the more the back is rejected back, the probability of a proskalzyvaniye of a body of a seat belt sitting under zone section is higher at strong front blow, and the can be traumatized more hard.
Fix the provision of a forward seat in the most remote (convenient for implementation of management by a vehicle) from the helmsman of the wheel / dashboard situation, a back bring into vertical situation.
Head restraints prevent a travmirovaniye of cervical department of a backbone and the head at blow behind. The head restraint should be adjusted on height so that its top cut was flush with the upper edge of an ear sitting.
Instructions for use means of passive safety of the driver and passengers
Stated below the instruction acquaint the reader with ways of ensuring the maximum protection of all people who were in the car.
After the driver and all passengers took the places in salon, be convinced that all doors of the car are densely closed.
On some models the special control lamp which lights up at leaky closing of one or several doors of the car is provided.
The driver sitting too close to the dashboard is exposed to the increased risk of a travmirovaniye, up to receiving serious mutilations and a lethal outcome from blow about a steering wheel or at safety cushion operation, in case of a road accident.
Try to have always forward seats on the maximum removal from modules of safety cushions.
The vast majority of drivers (even low growth) can remove most far a driver's seat from a steering wheel, freely getting thus to pedals. However if you are disturbed by too close provision of a driver's seat to a steering wheel, originators of the real Management recommend to the reader to pay attention to some types of auxiliaries — at firm car repair shops of the company manufacturer of the car always it is possible to receive exhaustive information on the matter.
Having convinced of correctness of provision of a seat, check reliability of its fixing. Instructions on adjustment of provision of forward seats — see. Salon equipment.
Adjust an inclination of a back of a driver's seat, having brought it into the most convenient for your constitution, most approached to vertical situation, having left thus sufficient space between a thorax and a nave of a steering wheel in which the safety cushion is built in. Remember that excessively close arrangement of the driver / the forward passenger to the dashboard considerably increases risk of receiving traumas at operation of safety cushions.
Too strong inclination of a back of a seat leads to that the humeral section of a seat belt will not nestle on a thorax that in an essential measure reduces efficiency of its protective functions. The more the back of a seat is inclined back, the probability of a proskalzyvaniye of a body sitting under lumbar section is higher at strong front blow, and the can be traumatized more hard. Instructions on adjustment of backs of a seat — see. Salon equipment.
Latch a bracket of a buckle of a belt in the lock, then pull for a strap of humeral section up, checking reliability of fixing of a bracket in the lock. Make sure that the strap of a belt is not overwound — the overwound belt in itself is dangerous.
As much as possible lower zone section of a belt, having placed it as it is possible below on hips. Having pulled for humeral section, choose a weak point and try to achieve a dense prileganiye of a belt to a body. In case of need tighten a belt and achieve a dense prileganiye of its humeral section to a trunk. The strap should pass through a thorax sitting on a diagonal so that loading at blow fell generally on the strongest top part of a torso.
The driver of a vehicle, having fastened by the seat belt, should check, that all passengers also were properly fastened.
The correct provision of zone section of a belt will provide the safest repayment of inertia of a body at failure, holding it for strong bones of a coxofemoral joint. If the strap passes through a humeral joint of a hand, it is necessary to correct the provision of the top anchor fastening of a belt on a car rack.
To adjust the provision of the top anchor of fastening of a belt, press buttons of a clamp and shift fastening up or down on built in in a rack directing, achieving the correct provision of humeral section of a belt concerning a neck. Fastening has four fixed situation.
Incorrectly functioning seat belt cannot provide appropriate protection of the driver / passenger in case of a road accident. In the absence of confidence of correctness of adjustments, charge to specialists of car repair shop of the company manufacturer of the car to carry out check of functioning of seat belts. Additional information on seat belts — see. Salon equipment.
Landing to a seat
After the driver and all passengers took the places in car salon, adjusted the provision of the seats and put on seat belts, they should give the correct situation to the body, having densely nestled a back on a back of a seat and having firmly put feet on a salon floor. Feet should not come off a floor up to a full stop of the car and engine switching off.
Violation of correctness of landing during movement increases risk of receiving a trauma as a result of a road accident. So, if passengers sit having bent, lie, turn in the parties, bend forward or sideways, get on a seat with feet, the risk of receiving by them serious mutilations as a result of failure considerably increases.
Besides, the forward passengers occupying the wrong situation on seats, can get serious traumas from parts of internal furnish of salon breaking as a result of emergency blow, or from operation of a forward safety cushion.
If on the car equipped with lateral / head safety cushions the head of the forward passenger during movement is inclined sideways and is in a zone of operation of a safety cushion, the risk of receiving by it extremely raises at failure of serious traumas and mutilations.
Try to observe the correct situation on a seat during all trip, holding a back densely pressed to a back of a seat and having put feet on a floor. Remember that vertical position of landing and competent use of seat belts increase efficiency of functioning of all elements of safety by which the car is equipped.
Recommendations for pregnant women
Safety of the pregnant woman is the best way of preservation of a fruit in case of road accident therefore at movement on the car (as the driver or the passenger) the pregnant woman should be fastened without fail a seat belt, paying thus special attention to correctness of placement of its sections concerning the body.
When using belts of a diagonal and zone design it is necessary to remember that the zone section of a belt should settle down as it is possible below on hips and not to be at all not imposed on a stomach.
The pregnant woman also should occupy vertical situation on a seat. Thus the forward seat should be most far removed from the dashboard that will allow in case of a road accident or operation of a forward safety cushion to reduce risk of receiving traumas and mutilations not only for mother, but also for a fruit.
At each visit of the observing doctor, consult, whether it is desirable to operate for you the car.
Transportation of children
It is forbidden to use the same seat belt for a pristegivaniye of two people at the same time. In this case the belt will not carry out the protective functions and in case of failure passengers can get heavy traumas.
Do not attach to straps of seat belts any slips and other subjects. Installation of extras or change of provision of fastening of humeral section can reduce efficiency of action of seat belts and increase probability of a travmirovaniye at failure.
Have no firm or sharp subjects between the body and a forward safety cushion.
Transportation of firm or sharp subjects on a lap, or driving with a tube for smoking or other sharp subjects in a mouth at failure can lead to receiving heavy to traumas.
For the purpose of prevention of risk of unauthorized operation of forward safety cushions try not to bring hands to the locations of their modules on the dashboard and a nave of a steering wheel
On equipped with lateral and head safety cushions models do not fix firm subjects on internal panels of forward doors and in close proximity to them.
Design features of seat belts
Diagonal and zone seat belt
To unfasten a belt, press the red button with an inscription of PRESS which is located on the case of the lock of a buckle. At belt taking-up by a drum of the returnable device it is necessary to hold it for a buckle bracket. After an exit from the car check, that the belt did not get to a doorway and it did not appear is clamped at a zakhlopyvaniye of the last.
Belts of a diagonal and zone design are equipped with the returnable device of the inertial type which drum, automatically chooses a weak point of straps and constantly supports a small preliminary tension of the belt pressed to a body. Inertial belts practically do not constrain movements of the person fastened by them and allow it to change a pose to a seat easily. At a road accident or sharp braking of the car the fixing mechanism of the returnable device is put in action. The drum blocks a belt, excepting possibility of dangerous moving sitting.
Automatic emergency natyazhitel of seat belts
Operation of automatic emergency natyazhitel occurs at the directed overloads arising during a strong head-on collision. Emission of forward safety cushions is at the same time made.
At operation of a natyazhitel the seat belt remains in the tense situation until the bracket of its buckle will not be liberated from the lock of the last.
Operation of a control lamp of systems of additional safety (SRS) warns the driver about possible malfunctions in devices of emergency natyazhitel of belts (see. Dashboard).
Principles of functioning of elements of system of additional safety (SRS)
Into number of devices and the components forming system of additional safety (SRS) enter:
Forward safety cushions
As signals on operation of both safety cushions arrive from the same sensors, both pillows work at the same time. However the probability of initiation only is not excluded by one of pillows. Such becomes possible when the size of the directed overloads which have arisen at collision was on the verge of a range of operation of gas generators. In this case seat belts provide rather reliable protection of the driver and the forward passenger while the effect from operation of a safety cushion will be minimum.
Right after operation and performance by pillows of the functions gas from them is issued that allows the driver to keep visibility and freely to manipulate all governing bodies the car.
Full duration of process from the moment of giving of a signal before production of gas from pillows occupies with sensors of overloads fractions of a second. Operation of pillows occurs so quickly that the human ear simply is not capable to apprehend cotton of gas generators when filling pillows.
After a road accident at which there was an operation of safety cushions, the volume of salon of the car looks slightly filled with smoke. Actually it is a suspension of a tonkodispersny powder by which covers of pillows in the combined condition are usually poured. People with a disease of respiratory organs can feel a certain discomfort at inhalation of the products getting to air allocated by gas generators of pillows.
Control lamp of refusals of SRS
The control lamp of SRS is built in in an instrument guard of the car (see. The dashboard) also is intended for the prevention of the driver about revealed by self-diagnostics system refusals in system of additional system of safety. On some updatings of the car operation of a control lamp testifies to possible malfunctions in blocks of lateral safety cushions or devices of an automatic emergency tension of seat belts.
At ignition inclusion (the ignition key will turn in the situation "ON" [II]) the control lamp lights up for short time, then at once dies away that confirms about serviceability of functioning of all knots of system.
At any operation of a control lamp during any other moment the owner of the car should address at the first possibility for the help to specialists of car repair shop of the company manufacturer (Opel). The following belongs to number of such situations:
In the presence of the malfunctions listed above signs the additional system of safety can refuse a failure case.
Lateral and head safety cushions
On some models as an additional complete set lateral safety cushions of the driver and the forward passenger, and also the head pillows providing protection of the heads of the driver and all passengers both at lateral blows, and in case of a car perevorachivaniye can be established. Modules of lateral pillows are built in in external end faces of backs of forward seats. The locations of both lateral pillows are marked with "SIDE AIRBAG" inscriptions. Gas generators of head pillows are located on lateral edges of the ceiling panel. The control lamp of SRS on an instrument guard of the car works at detection of malfunctions in chains of initiation of additional safety cushions.
For ensuring the greatest efficiency of protection which is provided by safety cushions, the driver and the passenger sitting on a forward seat, should sit directly and to be fastened by seat belts.
Maintenance of the elements SRS
Pyrotechnic modules of safety cushions and devices of an automatic emergency tension of seat belts, practically do not need regular checks and maintenance. However the owner of the vehicle equipped as appropriate should remember the following:
Danger of poisoning with carbon monooxide (WITH)
The composition of the fulfilled gases of the engine includes extremely toxic monooxide of carbon (WITH). At serviceable final system and the correct operation of the car, the fulfilled gases of the engine should not get to car salon. Try to check a technical condition of system of production of the fulfilled gases and tightness of connections of its pipelines in the following cases:
At movement with an open door a back / cover of a luggage compartment the fulfilled gases of the engine can get to salon of the car and create a dangerous situation. If there is a situation when to close a door / cover it is not obviously possible, it is necessary to open completely all windows and to include ventilation and air conditioning system.
At stay in the car with the engine working at single turns (even on the open area), make the following inclusions: