Opel Astra, Zafira

since 1998 of release

Repair and car operation



Opel Astra
+ Opel Astra and Zafira Cars
- Operation manual
   Dashboard
   Information display
   Additional electronic devices
   Access, protection
   Illumination of salon
   Elements of systems of safety of the car
   Salon equipment
   Comfort
   Operation receptions
+ Routine maintenance
+ Engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment




Elements of systems of safety of the car

General information

Cars considered in the real Management are equipped with a complex of the means intended for protection of the driver and passengers in case of a road accident. The seats equipped with head restraints, seat belts, emergency automatic natyazhitel of belts and a safety cushion of the driver and the forward passenger here enter.

Some components of system of safety, being an integral part of a design of the car, do not demand additional attention from the owner of a vehicle. The strong steel frame forming a design of a cabin in which the salon is located belongs to their number; the forward and back zones of deformation absorbing energy of blow at collision, and also devices of an automatic tension of seat belts (an additional complete set) which automatically carry out a tension of belts in case of blow.

Seat belts

For safety of the driver and passengers all seats of the car are equipped with seat belts.

In the dashboard of some models the special control lamp reminding to the driver and passengers about need to be fastened by seat belts (is built in see. Dashboard).

Safety cushions of the driver and passenger

The standard complete set of some models includes system of additional safety SRS which is better known as safety cushions. The system is developed for protection of the driver and the forward passenger against heading or a breast about steering the wheel / dashboard in case of strong front blow.



Also lateral safety cushions providing protection of the driver and the forward passenger at lateral blows, and also the head pillows serving for protection of the heads of the driver can enter into an additional complete set, and also forward and back passengers at lateral blows and in case of a car perevorachivaniye.

The owner of the car equipped with SRS system, is obliged to know the most important points about a design and a principle of action of elements of system:

  1. Existence of safety cushions cannot excuse neglect of application of seat belts at all. SRS should be used only together with belts and other means of passive safety;
  2. Forward safety cushions do not provide protection in case of lateral blow, and also at blow behind. Besides, operation of modules occurs only at the directed blows of high intensity, i.e. the system does not provide protection at weak head-on collisions;
  3. Lateral safety do not provide protection in case of a head-on collision and blow behind, besides, they work also only at excess by energy of lateral blow of some threshold value that not always takes place at a car perevorachivaniye;
  4. Operation of a safety cushion can put a trauma.

Effectively to execute the protective function, the safety cushion should be developed from the combined condition in working for very short time. Therefore a safety cushion, protecting the driver / the forward passenger from heavy mutilations, in some cases saving their life, can become the travmirovaniye reason, and sometimes and serious mutilations, up to a lethal outcome if the driver or the forward passenger were not properly fastened by seat belts or occupied supernumerary situation on seats.

To reduce probability of a travmirovaniye a pillow, it is necessary to be fastened always by seat belts and to settle down on a driver's seat on the greatest possible removal from the helmsman of the wheel / dashboard.

Provision of seats and their backs

The design of seats of the car guarantees the maximum comfort to the person sitting in them, at the same time providing conditions of the most effective implementation of the functions with belts and safety cushions. Soft stuffing of pillows and backs provides additional protection sitting in emergencies.

The choice of provision of a seat also influences safety of the person sitting in it. For example, at excessive approach of a seat to the helmsman of the wheel / dashboard the risk of a travmirovaniye sitting at safety cushion operation, and also risk of ejection through a windscreen increases at a head-on collision.

The increase in an inclination of a back of a seat will worsen body fixing by a seat belt — the more the back is rejected back, the probability of a proskalzyvaniye of a body of a seat belt sitting under zone section is higher at strong front blow, and the can be traumatized more hard.

Fix the provision of a forward seat in the most remote (convenient for implementation of management by a vehicle) from the helmsman of the wheel / dashboard situation, a back bring into vertical situation.

Head restraints

Head restraints prevent a travmirovaniye of cervical department of a backbone and the head at blow behind. The head restraint should be adjusted on height so that its top cut was flush with the upper edge of an ear sitting.

Instructions for use means of passive safety of the driver and passengers

General information

Stated below the instruction acquaint the reader with ways of ensuring the maximum protection of all people who were in the car.

Doors

After the driver and all passengers took the places in salon, be convinced that all doors of the car are densely closed.

On some models the special control lamp which lights up at leaky closing of one or several doors of the car is provided.

Forward seats

The driver sitting too close to the dashboard is exposed to the increased risk of a travmirovaniye, up to receiving serious mutilations and a lethal outcome from blow about a steering wheel or at safety cushion operation, in case of a road accident.

In order to avoid risk of a travmirovaniye, properly fasten a seat belt, bring a seat back into vertical situation and densely nestle on it a back, having removed at this seat in the situation most remote from a steering wheel. Thus, certainly, the driver should provide to itself the good review and possibility of a convenient manipulation with all governing bodies the car. Be convinced that the seat of the forward passenger also is most removed from the dashboard.


Too close provision of seats of the driver and the forward passenger to the helmsman of the wheel / dashboard in case of a road accident can lead to receiving serious traumas and even to a deadly outcome!

Try to have always forward seats on the maximum removal from modules of safety cushions.

The vast majority of drivers (even low growth) can remove most far a driver's seat from a steering wheel, freely getting thus to pedals. However if you are disturbed by too close provision of a driver's seat to a steering wheel, originators of the real Management recommend to the reader to pay attention to some types of auxiliaries — at firm car repair shops of the company manufacturer of the car always it is possible to receive exhaustive information on the matter.

Having convinced of correctness of provision of a seat, check reliability of its fixing. Instructions on adjustment of provision of forward seats — see. Salon equipment.

Adjust an inclination of a back of a driver's seat, having brought it into the most convenient for your constitution, most approached to vertical situation, having left thus sufficient space between a thorax and a nave of a steering wheel in which the safety cushion is built in. Remember that excessively close arrangement of the driver / the forward passenger to the dashboard considerably increases risk of receiving traumas at operation of safety cushions.

Too strong inclination of a back of a seat leads to that the humeral section of a seat belt will not nestle on a thorax that in an essential measure reduces efficiency of its protective functions. The more the back of a seat is inclined back, the probability of a proskalzyvaniye of a body sitting under lumbar section is higher at strong front blow, and the can be traumatized more hard. Instructions on adjustment of backs of a seat — see. Salon equipment.

Head restraints

Before a start of motion make sure that the provision of head restraints on each of seats corresponds to necessary requirements, providing due protection of cervical department of a backbone and the head sitting at blow behind. The head restraint should be adjusted on height so that its central part was flush with a nape. If it is not possible to achieve it, it is necessary to establish a head restraint in extreme top situation.


The wrong provision of head restraints reduces efficiency of their protective functions and increases risk of receiving serious traumas as a result of a road accident! Instructions on adjustment of provision of head restraints — see. Salon equipment.

Seat belts

Latch a bracket of a buckle of a belt in the lock, then pull for a strap of humeral section up, checking reliability of fixing of a bracket in the lock. Make sure that the strap of a belt is not overwound — the overwound belt in itself is dangerous.

As much as possible lower zone section of a belt, having placed it as it is possible below on hips. Having pulled for humeral section, choose a weak point and try to achieve a dense prileganiye of a belt to a body. In case of need tighten a belt and achieve a dense prileganiye of its humeral section to a trunk. The strap should pass through a thorax sitting on a diagonal so that loading at blow fell generally on the strongest top part of a torso.

Negligence to application of seat belts is fraught with receiving heavy traumas in case of a road accident!

The driver of a vehicle, having fastened by the seat belt, should check, that all passengers also were properly fastened.

The correct provision of zone section of a belt will provide the safest repayment of inertia of a body at failure, holding it for strong bones of a coxofemoral joint. If the strap passes through a humeral joint of a hand, it is necessary to correct the provision of the top anchor fastening of a belt on a car rack.

To adjust the provision of the top anchor of fastening of a belt, press buttons of a clamp and shift fastening up or down on built in in a rack directing, achieving the correct provision of humeral section of a belt concerning a neck. Fastening has four fixed situation.

At all do not pass humeral section of a belt near at hand and do not get it for a back — it can appear is fraught with the most serious consequences at failure!

Incorrectly functioning seat belt cannot provide appropriate protection of the driver / passenger in case of a road accident. In the absence of confidence of correctness of adjustments, charge to specialists of car repair shop of the company manufacturer of the car to carry out check of functioning of seat belts. Additional information on seat belts — see. Salon equipment.

Steering column

The steering column should be adjusted so that steering wheel was opposite to a thorax of the driver. Situation at which the nave of a steering wheel is opposite to a face of the driver, is wrong as reduces protective functions of the forward safety cushion built in in it. The description of procedure of adjustment of provision of a steering wheel — see. Salon equipment.

Landing to a seat

General recommendations

After the driver and all passengers took the places in car salon, adjusted the provision of the seats and put on seat belts, they should give the correct situation to the body, having densely nestled a back on a back of a seat and having firmly put feet on a salon floor. Feet should not come off a floor up to a full stop of the car and engine switching off.

Violation of correctness of landing during movement increases risk of receiving a trauma as a result of a road accident. So, if passengers sit having bent, lie, turn in the parties, bend forward or sideways, get on a seat with feet, the risk of receiving by them serious mutilations as a result of failure considerably increases.

Besides, the forward passengers occupying the wrong situation on seats, can get serious traumas from parts of internal furnish of salon breaking as a result of emergency blow, or from operation of a forward safety cushion.

If on the car equipped with lateral / head safety cushions the head of the forward passenger during movement is inclined sideways and is in a zone of operation of a safety cushion, the risk of receiving by it extremely raises at failure of serious traumas and mutilations.

Try to observe the correct situation on a seat during all trip, holding a back densely pressed to a back of a seat and having put feet on a floor. Remember that vertical position of landing and competent use of seat belts increase efficiency of functioning of all elements of safety by which the car is equipped.

Recommendations for pregnant women

Safety of the pregnant woman is the best way of preservation of a fruit in case of road accident therefore at movement on the car (as the driver or the passenger) the pregnant woman should be fastened without fail a seat belt, paying thus special attention to correctness of placement of its sections concerning the body.

When using belts of a diagonal and zone design it is necessary to remember that the zone section of a belt should settle down as it is possible below on hips and not to be at all not imposed on a stomach.

The pregnant woman also should occupy vertical situation on a seat. Thus the forward seat should be most far removed from the dashboard that will allow in case of a road accident or operation of a forward safety cushion to reduce risk of receiving traumas and mutilations not only for mother, but also for a fruit.

At each visit of the observing doctor, consult, whether it is desirable to operate for you the car.

Transportation of children

For safety of transportation of children of younger and middle age it is necessary to use special children's seats and means of fixing, detailed instructions on placement and which installation will be offered you in a place of acquisition of a product. In case of need address for consultations on firm car repair shops of the company manufacturer of the car.


Firm Opel adaptations for transportation of children are without fail equipped with the transponder providing deactivation of safety cushions of passenger safety cushions at placement of the adaptation on a forward passenger seat. The luminescence of the special control lamp mounted in assembly of the main ceiling lamp testifies to shutdown of pillows.

Additional recommendations

It is forbidden to use the same seat belt for a pristegivaniye of two people at the same time. In this case the belt will not carry out the protective functions and in case of failure passengers can get heavy traumas.

Do not attach to straps of seat belts any slips and other subjects. Installation of extras or change of provision of fastening of humeral section can reduce efficiency of action of seat belts and increase probability of a travmirovaniye at failure.

Have no firm or sharp subjects between the body and a forward safety cushion.

Transportation of firm or sharp subjects on a lap, or driving with a tube for smoking or other sharp subjects in a mouth at failure can lead to receiving heavy to traumas.

For the purpose of prevention of risk of unauthorized operation of forward safety cushions try not to bring hands to the locations of their modules on the dashboard and a nave of a steering wheel

On equipped with lateral and head safety cushions models do not fix firm subjects on internal panels of forward doors and in close proximity to them.

Design features of seat belts

Diagonal and zone seat belt

Scheme of laying of a seat belt of a diagonal and zone design

To unfasten a belt, press the red button with an inscription of PRESS which is located on the case of the lock of a buckle. At belt taking-up by a drum of the returnable device it is necessary to hold it for a buckle bracket. After an exit from the car check, that the belt did not get to a doorway and it did not appear is clamped at a zakhlopyvaniye of the last.

Belts of a diagonal and zone design are equipped with the returnable device of the inertial type which drum, automatically chooses a weak point of straps and constantly supports a small preliminary tension of the belt pressed to a body. Inertial belts practically do not constrain movements of the person fastened by them and allow it to change a pose to a seat easily. At a road accident or sharp braking of the car the fixing mechanism of the returnable device is put in action. The drum blocks a belt, excepting possibility of dangerous moving sitting.

Automatic emergency natyazhitel of seat belts

On some models for the purpose of ensuring additional protection of the driver / passenger seat belts of forward seats are supplied with devices, at operation providing an automatic tension of belts that provides additional guarantees of an exception of dangerous movings of the driver and the forward passenger at a head-on collision.

Operation of automatic emergency natyazhitel occurs at the directed overloads arising during a strong head-on collision. Emission of forward safety cushions is at the same time made.

At operation of a natyazhitel the seat belt remains in the tense situation until the bracket of its buckle will not be liberated from the lock of the last.

Emergency natyazhitel of seat belts are devices of single use and after operation are subject to replacement.

Operation of a control lamp of systems of additional safety (SRS) warns the driver about possible malfunctions in devices of emergency natyazhitel of belts (see. Dashboard).

Principles of functioning of elements of system of additional safety (SRS)

Into number of devices and the components forming system of additional safety (SRS) enter:

  1. Two forward safety cushions. The module of a driver's safety cushion is placed in a nave of a steering wheel. The safety cushion of the forward passenger is placed in a special cavity in the right part of the dashboard of the car. The locations of both modules are marked with precautionary inscriptions of "AIRBAG";
  1. Lateral safety cushions (additional complete set), built in in external surfaces of backs of forward seats;
  1. Head safety cushions (additional complete set), placed along lateral edges of the ceiling panel and providing additional protection of the heads of the driver and all passengers at lateral blows and a car perevorachivaniye;
  2. The sensors of the directed overloads working at strong blows of the corresponding direction;
  3. Electronic system of self-diagnostics which at the included ignition provides continuous testing of sensors of overloads, the control unit, gas generators of safety cushions and connecting electroconducting of the corresponding chains;
  4. Devices of an automatic emergency tension of seat belts of forward seats (see above);
  5. Control lamp of refusals SRS which has been built in in the dashboard (see. Dashboard);
  6. The spare independent power supply intended for duplication of the main power supply system in case of its exit out of operation at collision of the car.

Forward safety cushions

Sensors of the directed overloads react to excess of some limiting value which can arise at a strong head-on collision. Epyura of the directions of the blow leading to operation of sensors, is shown on an accompanying illustration. On a signal of sensors the control unit includes gas generators of safety cushions, causing their instant filling.

During collision the seat belt holds from shift the lower part of a trunk sitting. Forward safety cushions help to prevent a travmirovaniye of the driver and the forward passenger as a result of blow their head and a thorax about steering the wheel / dashboard.

As signals on operation of both safety cushions arrive from the same sensors, both pillows work at the same time. However the probability of initiation only is not excluded by one of pillows. Such becomes possible when the size of the directed overloads which have arisen at collision was on the verge of a range of operation of gas generators. In this case seat belts provide rather reliable protection of the driver and the forward passenger while the effect from operation of a safety cushion will be minimum.

Right after operation and performance by pillows of the functions gas from them is issued that allows the driver to keep visibility and freely to manipulate all governing bodies the car.

Full duration of process from the moment of giving of a signal before production of gas from pillows occupies with sensors of overloads fractions of a second. Operation of pillows occurs so quickly that the human ear simply is not capable to apprehend cotton of gas generators when filling pillows.

After a road accident at which there was an operation of safety cushions, the volume of salon of the car looks slightly filled with smoke. Actually it is a suspension of a tonkodispersny powder by which covers of pillows in the combined condition are usually poured. People with a disease of respiratory organs can feel a certain discomfort at inhalation of the products getting to air allocated by gas generators of pillows.

Control lamp of refusals of SRS

The control lamp of SRS is built in in an instrument guard of the car (see. The dashboard) also is intended for the prevention of the driver about revealed by self-diagnostics system refusals in system of additional system of safety. On some updatings of the car operation of a control lamp testifies to possible malfunctions in blocks of lateral safety cushions or devices of an automatic emergency tension of seat belts.

At ignition inclusion (the ignition key will turn in the situation "ON" [II]) the control lamp lights up for short time, then at once dies away that confirms about serviceability of functioning of all knots of system.

At any operation of a control lamp during any other moment the owner of the car should address at the first possibility for the help to specialists of car repair shop of the company manufacturer (Opel). The following belongs to number of such situations:

  1. The control lamp does not join at ignition key turn in the situation ON (II);
  2. The control lamp continues to burn after implementation of start of the engine;
  3. Control lamp joined and burns in a constant or blinking mode during car movement.

In the presence of the malfunctions listed above signs the additional system of safety can refuse a failure case.

Negligence to signals of a control lamp of SRS can lead to the most serious consequences at refusal of safety cushions during failure!

Lateral and head safety cushions

On some models as an additional complete set lateral safety cushions of the driver and the forward passenger, and also the head pillows providing protection of the heads of the driver and all passengers both at lateral blows, and in case of a car perevorachivaniye can be established. Modules of lateral pillows are built in in external end faces of backs of forward seats. The locations of both lateral pillows are marked with "SIDE AIRBAG" inscriptions. Gas generators of head pillows are located on lateral edges of the ceiling panel. The control lamp of SRS on an instrument guard of the car works at detection of malfunctions in chains of initiation of additional safety cushions.



At strong lateral udaredatchik of the directed overloads fix excess by arising loadings of some threshold value and give out information signal on the control unit which develops command for operations of a gas generator of the corresponding lateral safety cushion. Thus, if the blow has from a passenger seat, the passenger lateral pillow will work even in the absence of the passenger on a forward seat.

For ensuring the greatest efficiency of protection which is provided by safety cushions, the driver and the passenger sitting on a forward seat, should sit directly and to be fastened by seat belts.

Entering into an additional complete set of some models head safety cushions (curtains) provide protection of the heads of the driver and all passengers at lateral blows and a car perevorachivaniye.

Maintenance of the elements SRS

Pyrotechnic modules of safety cushions and devices of an automatic emergency tension of seat belts, practically do not need regular checks and maintenance. However the owner of the vehicle equipped as appropriate should remember the following:

  1. After operation of safety cushions they are subject to obligatory replacement together with the system control unit. Do not try to dismantle fulfilled pillows independently. These operations should be carried out only in the conditions of a car-care center workshop;
  2. If operation of a control lamp of SRS indicates refusal existence in system, it is necessary to address immediately on the closest car repair shop of the company manufacturer of the car where complete diagnostics and necessary regenerative repair of system will be made. Otherwise / emergency natyazhitel of belts can not work safety pillows at failure and not execute the protective function;
  3. Specially trained personnel is allowed to works with knots of additional system of safety only. It is forbidden to dismantle independently from the car of a safety cushion and emergency natyazhitel of seat belts. In default SRS or after emergency operation of safety cushions and natyazhitel of seat belts is necessary to address on car repair shop of the company manufacturer of the car for carrying out repair or replacement of knots of system;
  4. Do not open modules of gas generators and do not change electroconducting of systems of safety cushions and devices of an automatic emergency tension of seat belts — such intervention can lead to involuntary operation of pillows / natyazhitel and be at the bottom of a travmirovaniye of the performer or the people who were nearby;
  5. At the corresponding complete set do not make replacement of forward seats without receiving preliminary consultation at car repair shop of the company manufacturer of the car. Inaccurate or incorrect performance of replacement or removal of covers can lead to refusal of operation of lateral safety cushions in case of failure.

Danger of poisoning with carbon monooxide (WITH)

The composition of the fulfilled gases of the engine includes extremely toxic monooxide of carbon (WITH). At serviceable final system and the correct operation of the car, the fulfilled gases of the engine should not get to car salon. Try to check a technical condition of system of production of the fulfilled gases and tightness of connections of its pipelines in the following cases:

  1. At the next replacement of engine oil when the car is established on the lift;
  2. At change of character of the noise background published by final system appreciable aurally;
  3. After failure in which the details located under the bottom of the car could be damaged.

Monooxide of carbon is toxic gas. Inhalation of monooxide of carbon causes loss of consciousness and can lead to a deadly outcome. Be careful to be in the closed, not aired room or to perform works at which you will be compelled to breathe the air containing oxide of carbon in big concentration! In the closed rooms with bad ventilation, for example, in garage concentration WITH can quickly increase to dangerous value. Therefore it is forbidden to leave the engine working at the closed gate of garage. Even at open gate do not leave the engine working long time. At once after start of the engine it is necessary to leave garage and to continue engine warming up on the street.

At movement with an open door a back / cover of a luggage compartment the fulfilled gases of the engine can get to salon of the car and create a dangerous situation. If there is a situation when to close a door / cover it is not obviously possible, it is necessary to open completely all windows and to include ventilation and air conditioning system.

At stay in the car with the engine working at single turns (even on the open area), make the following inclusions:

  1. Include system of ventilation of salon in a mode of inflow of fresh air;
  2. Turn on the heater fan for the maximum speed;
  3. Establish a regulator comfortable level of air temperature.