Opel Astra, Zafira
since 1998 of release
Repair and car operation
+ Opel Astra and Zafira Cars
+ Operation manual
- Routine maintenance
Schedule of routine maintenance
General information about settings and adjustments
Check of levels of liquids
Check of a condition of tires and pressure of their rating, rotation of wheels
Replacement of impellent oil and oil filter
Check of a condition and replacement of a belt of a drive of auxiliary units
Sediment removal from the fuel filter of the diesel engine
Check of a condition and replacement of the hoses located in an impellent compartment
Check of a condition of components of system of cooling
Check, service and charging of the storage battery
Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
Survey of components of a suspension bracket and steering drive, check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
Check of brake system
Electric equipment check
Control of a condition of an anticorrosive covering of a body and car bottom
Greasing of locks, loops and emphasis
Zeroing of the indicator of intervals of maintenance
Replacement of a filtering element of an air purifier - diesel models of release on 09.2000
Replacement of the salonny filter
Replacement of the fuel filter - diesel models of release on 09.2000
Check of turns of idling and composition of the fulfilled gases
Replacement of a filtering element of an air purifier - all petrol models and release diesel engines with 10.2000
Replacement of the fuel filter - diesel models of release with 10.2000
Replacement of spark plugs, check of a condition of VV of electroconducting
Replacement of the fuel filter - petrol models
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
Check, service and charging of the storage battery
The conscientious attitude to performance of procedures of the routine preventive maintenance of the storage battery is the unique pledge of fast and trouble-free start of the engine. Before undertaking battery service, make sure available near at hand all necessary materials and the tools guaranteeing safety of work (see an illustration Tools and the materials necessary at service of the storage battery).
There is also a number of additional precautionary measures which should be observed at carrying out service of the battery. Before starting works, without fail muffle the engine and switch off everything consumers of the electric power. Disconnect a negative wire from the battery.
Remember that in banks of the battery the hydrogen being not only easily flammable, but also explosive gases is allocated. Do not come nearer at all to a venue of works with open fire or the lit cigaret, try to use only the neiskroobrazuyushchy tool. A charging of the battery make in well ventilated room.
The electrolit represents solution of the sulfuric acid relating not only to the category of toxic chemical compounds, but being also extremely chemically aggressive substance. Do not allow electrolit hit in eyes, on open sites of a body and clothes subjects. Carrying out battery service, put on goggles and gloves, do not allow to come nearer to children to a venue of works.
Study an external condition of the battery. If the positive plug of the battery with the clip put on it are equipped with a rubber protective casing, make sure that the last is not damaged. The casing should cover metal components of terminal connection completely. Check a condition and reliability of fastening of terminal connections, examine a casing and a battery cover on existence of cracks and other damages of a mechanical order. Make sure of reliability of fastening of clamping bolts. Estimate a condition of isolation of wires of the battery on all their length.
With the best way of restoration of level of a charge of the battery which has sat down to such an extent when it becomes incapable to provide engine start, its slow charging is. This way of a charging is also optimum for batteries of the cars used in a mode of short trips. Preservation of level of a charge of the battery takes on special significance in a winter season when the most adverse conditions from the point of view of load of the accumulator are created, and also during the complicated starts of the engine and the increased intensity of functioning of consumers of the electric power.
It is best of all to use the device for continuous additional charge by a small current (1 — 2 And), sometimes called by also drop zaryazhatel). Such chargers provide an optimum mode of a charging of the battery with the minimum load of the last. For faster additional charge of the battery it is possible to use the power supply of a bigger current, remember, however, that the maximum admissible force of a charging current should not exceed 1/10 from size of capacity of the battery (its ampere hour of the characteristic). At the forced charging, according to some users allowing to restore charge level for one-two hour, load of the battery becomes so high that quite often there is its irreversible exit out of operation — try to avoid such way of additional charge, resorting to it only in extreme emergencies.
Average duration of the period of a charging of the battery should be specified in the instruction enclosed in a set to the charger. Usually it makes from 12 to 16 hours.
Remove covers of mouths of all a battery banok (if those are provided) and закупорьте openings by pure rags in order to avoid an electrolit vypleskivaniye. Disconnect a negative wire from the battery and, observing polarity, connect clips of tips of wires of the charger to battery plugs (positive — to positive, negative — to negative). Turn on the charger in a network. If the device is equipped with the selector switch, make sure that the last is established in situation for 12 Century.
When using power supply with a charging current over two amperes regularly check the battery, watching that there was no its overheat. During a slow charging after initial two-hour control it is possible to leave the battery safely to be charged without supervision on all night long.
If banks of the charged battery are equipped with jellied mouths with demountable covers, try to check hourly within the first several hours of a charging specific weight of electrolit. Many producers specially for this purpose let out rather cheap devices called by areometers, to get which it is possible practically in any shop of automobile accessories. When using the areometer follow instructions of manufacturers enclosed to it. Continue a battery charging until during the last two hour measurements change of density of electrolit under condition of its free "boiling" (puzyreniye) in banks will not stop. Remember that in the serviceable battery the difference between specific weight of electrolit in all banks should be very insignificant.
Some batteries are placed in the soldered case and equipped with the built-in areometer allowing visually to define level of a charge of the battery on coloring of a color spot in an observation port of the case. Usually, bright coloring of a color spot testifies to high level of a charge of the battery; dimness of a spot says that the battery needs additional charge.
In batteries with the tight case without the built-in areometer (the indicator of level of a charge) check of level of a charge can be carried out by a connection way to plugs of the battery of the voltmeter. Target tension of completely charged battery should make not below 12.6 In the ambassador of removal of a superficial charge.