Opel Astra, Zafira

since 1998 of release

Repair and car operation



Opel Astra
+ Opel Astra and Zafira Cars
+ Operation manual
- Routine maintenance
   Schedule of routine maintenance
   Specifications
   General information about settings and adjustments
   Check of levels of liquids
   Check of a condition of tires and pressure of their rating, rotation of wheels
   Replacement of impellent oil and oil filter
   Check of a condition and replacement of a belt of a drive of auxiliary units
   Sediment removal from the fuel filter of the diesel engine
   Check of a condition and replacement of the hoses located in an impellent compartment
   Check of a condition of components of system of cooling
   Check, service and charging of the storage battery
   Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
   Survey of components of a suspension bracket and steering drive, check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
   Check of brake system
   Electric equipment check
   Control of a condition of an anticorrosive covering of a body and car bottom
   Greasing of locks, loops and emphasis
   Zeroing of the indicator of intervals of maintenance
   Replacement of a filtering element of an air purifier - diesel models of release on 09.2000
   Replacement of the salonny filter
   Replacement of the fuel filter - diesel models of release on 09.2000
   Check of turns of idling and composition of the fulfilled gases
   Replacement of a filtering element of an air purifier - all petrol models and release diesel engines with 10.2000
   Replacement of the fuel filter - diesel models of release with 10.2000
   Replacement of spark plugs, check of a condition of VV of electroconducting
   Replacement of the fuel filter - petrol models
+ Engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment




Check of a condition of tires and pressure of their rating, rotation of wheels

Check

The conscientious attitude to regular check of a condition of tires will allow the driver to avoid the annoying delays connected with an exit of a wheel out of operation during movement. Besides, on nature of wear of protectors it is possible to reveal beforehand the developments which were at a stage defects of components of a suspension bracket and a steering drive.

The wheels equipped with special display tapes enter into a standard complete set of cars considered in the real Management, having width about 12 mm and being shown on a protector pattern at wear of the last to an admissible limit. The minimum admissible depth of a protector makes 1.6 mm. To estimate degree of wear of a protector it is possible by means of the special inexpensive adaptation - ask in shops of automobile accessories.

Pay attention to any signs of non-uniform wear of a protector. Such local defects as a chashevidny wipe, uploshcheniye, etc., are usually obliged by the emergence to violations of corners of installation of forward wheels, or balancing of the last. For identification and elimination of malfunctions the car should be driven away in a specialized workshop of car-care center or on car repair shop.

PRESSURE OF THE RATING OF THE TYRE DOES NOT SUFFICE

CHASHEVIDNYE DEFECTS

The following reasons of formation of chashevidny defects are possible:

  • Tires are too poorly pumped up, or the mechanical deviation (violation of balancing of a wheel or disk deformation) takes place.
  • Weakened fastening of steering drafts or the pendular lever of a steering drive, or the listed components are worn-out.
  • Components of a forward suspension bracket are damaged or worn-out, or weakened their fastening

TOO HIGH PRESSURE OF THE RATING OF TYRES

CONVERGENCE ADJUSTMENT IS BROKEN, OR DISORDER OF WHEELS IS TOO GREAT

THE SCALY WEAR OF THE PROTECTOR CAUSED BY VIOLATION OF CORNERS OF INSTALLATION OF WHEELS


 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Attentively examine tires of all wheels on existence of cuts, punctures and got stuck in flutes of a pattern of a protector of extraneous subjects. Sometimes the punched wheel during even any time continues to hold in itself air in view of that the subject which has punctured the tire continues to remain thrust in it. Defect of a nipple of the gate of a rating of a wheel can be the reason of a slow spuskaniye of the tire — check a nipple condition.
  1. Attentively examine a protector on existence of the extraneous subjects which have got stuck in it and signs of violation of tightness of landing of repair "jams" by means of which repair of small punctures of the tire is made. To make sure available a puncture rather simply — it is enough to moisten a suspected site of a surface of the tire with solution of soap water — if the puncture takes place, solution will start to bubble. Insignificant punctures on size are usually easily eliminated in shinomontazhny workshops.
  1. Attentively examine internal walls of tires of all four wheels on existence on them потеков brake liquid. In case of identification of those immediately check a condition of the corresponding brake mechanisms and the hydraulic lines connected to them.
  2. Podderzhivaniye of demanded pressure of a rating of tires will allow to prolong essentially service life of wheels, besides, will provide the maximum comfort at movement and let's reduce controllability of the car. Remember that it is correct to measure pressure in the tire by eye it is almost impossible, in particular, if it is a question of tires of a radial design. It is necessary to hold constantly near at hand a suitable manometer, - on gas stations and car repair shops it is not necessary to trust indications of measuring instruments of compressors of pumping.
  3. Check pressure of a rating of tires at cold wheels, - it is meant that the car passed no more than one mile within the last three hours. Remember that increase of pressure on 0.3 — 0.6 kgfs/cm 2 as a result of a warming up of a wheel is quite natural phenomenon.
  1. Remove from the gate of a rating of a wheel a protective cap and densely press a manometer nozzle to an exhaust outlet of the gate, having wrung out a nipple rod. Consider the read instrument and compare it to standard data, in case of need correct pressure. Weekly performance of check of pressure of a rating of tires will allow to prolong service life of wheels (do not forget about запаску)
  1. Do not forget to screw on a place a protective cap of the gate in order to avoid hit in a moisture and dirt nipple. Check pressure in all wheels, including the spare.

Pressure of a rating запаски is usually much higher than compact type, than at usual wheels.

Rotation of wheels

Rotation of wheels should be made regularly according to the schedule of routine maintenance of the car, and also at identification of signs of non-uniform wear of protectors. At rotation the car should be lifted over the earth - use a case and check also a condition of components of brake system (see. Check of brake system).

Originators of this Management recommend to make rotation of the wheels equipped with radial tires, according to offered schemes. The majority of models are completed with tires with the directed protector, - the directed tires are easy for distinguishing on existence on a lateral wall of the arrow specifying the correct direction of rotation of a wheel. Two tires should enter into a set with the right direction of rotation and two - with left.

Recommended order of rotation of the wheels completed with tires C НЕНАПРАВЛЕННЫМ with a protector
1 — LEFT FORWARD
2 — RIGHT FORWARD

Recommended order of rotation of the wheels completed with tires With the DIRECTED protector
3 — LEFT BACK
4 — RIGHT BACK

The detailed description of procedure of change of wheels – see Poddomkrachivaniye and towage. Track reliability of fixing of the car in the lifted situation.

It will be most correct to lift all car over the earth, - use for car fixing in the lifted situation less than four props by no means is inadmissible!

On termination of rotation check pressure of a rating of tires, correct it according to standard requirements. Make sure of reliability of fastening of wheels nuts (in an ideal wheel bolts should be tightened a dinamometrichesky key and to make repeated check through 40 km of run).

More detailed information on wheels and tires is stated in Head the Suspension bracket and a steering.