Opel Astra, Zafira

since 1998 of release

Repair and car operation



Opel Astra
- Opel Astra and Zafira cars
   Identification numbers of the car
   Acquisition of spare parts
   Technology of service, tool and workplace equipment
   Poddomkrachivaniye and towage
   Engine start from the auxiliary power supply
   Checks of readiness of the car to operation
   Automobile himikaliya, oils and greasings
   Diagnostics of malfunctions
+ Operation manual
+ Routine maintenance
+ Engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment




Poddomkrachivaniye and towage

Poddomkrachivaniye

Entering into a standard complete set of the car the jack is intended only for performance of procedures of change of wheels! At carrying out any other repair or preventive work the car should be lifted by means of hydraulic (or telezhechny) a jack and it is obligatory to establish on the special props got under bearing points of the bottom. If need for removal of wheels is absent, the car can be tired out on a viewing hole or a platform.


At all do not start the engine of the lifted car — it dangerously!


In order to avoid serious damages of units at all do not get a jack under a case, a transmission or a back axis!


 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. For a poddomkrachivaniye of the car it is necessary to cock the parking brake and, for safety, to enclose under the back wheel diagonalno located to a poddomkrachivayemy corner a protivootkatny boot.

    At a poddomkrachivaniye of a back corner of the car instead of the parking brake it is necessary to establish transmission on transfer.

  1. If work is made on a slope, establish an emphasis from that party of a wheel which is below.
  1. Before поддомкрачивать the car, remove a decorative cap and a ballonny key weaken nuts of fastening of a wheel subject to replacement. Prepare запаску.

    On some models the cap fastens on a disk wheel nuts which at this stage should be weakened only!

  1. Try to establish a jack on a firm covering, in case of need try to get any firm laying with rather developed surface (for example, a piece of a board).
  1. The jack should be got in strengthened points specially intended for this purpose in a lobby or a back part of thresholds — in case of need previously remove a protective cover — having compressed the uvulas located behind labels, release clamps, then pull a cover down and remove it from a threshold.

On models with lateral elements of furnish of thresholds before jack installation under the bottom of the car it is necessary to remove a furnish element — pull for its bottom edge, develop up and remove.

  1. Take care of reliability of input of a head of a jack in gearing with a ledge of an edge of rigidity of a threshold.
  1. Rotating the jack handle, lift the car so that the wheel subject to replacement came off the earth — watch, that the podpyatnik of a jack constantly leaned on the earth all the surface and settled down strictly under a head. Having thrown off fixing nuts, remove a wheel and establish on its place spare. Screw wheel nuts, then lower the car on the earth, clean a jack and hold on nuts of fastening of a wheel in a diagonal order with demanded effort. Establish into place a cap. Combine and clean the tool. Do not forget to take and clean protivootkatny boots.
  1. When fixing car in the lifted provision of a head of props/paw of the lift it is necessary to get a little outside (on a car axis) domkratny points of thresholds.

Towage

Towage of an emergency vehicle

At absence in RKPP or AT of transmission oil/ATF the car should be towed only with the driving wheels torn off from the earth!

Strictly speaking, the car should be towed with the driving (forward) wheels torn off from the earth (best of all in general on a wrecker platform). If it is necessary to make car towage without a separation of forward wheels, turn the ignition key in the situation OFF, in order to avoid damage of the lock of blocking of a wheel.

The cars equipped with AT, can be towed by a forward course on all four wheels with the speed which is not exceeding 55 km/h (35 miles/h) and on distance no more than 80 km (50 miles). Before the beginning of towage check level of transmission liquid (see. Head Routine maintenance). If ATF does not reach level of a mark of NOTES on an edge measuring щупа, it is necessary to make necessary adjustment, or to tow the car only with the forward wheels torn off from the earth.

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Make the following preparatory procedures:

    1. Release the parking brake;
    2. Start the engine;
    3. Transfer the selector lever to situation D, then — in neutral (N);
    4. Muffle the engine;
    5. Turn the ignition key in the situation OFF (at all do not leave it in the situation LOCK).

    Never tow equipped AT the car the back without a separation from the earth of forward wheels!

  1. If there is a need for towage of the car equipped with RKPP without a separation of wheels from the earth, do not forget to transfer a control lever to neutral transfer and to release the parking brake.
  2. Use at towage of an emergency vehicle only towing sling specially intended for this purpose which can be got cheaply practically in any shop of automobile accessories. The sling should cling only to bearing body elements — at all for a bumper.
  1. Cars considered in the real Management are equipped with a stationary back towing eye and to demountable lobbies.
  1. For installation of a demountable forward eye it is necessary to remove previously the cap established on a bumper, or to cast away a cover (depending on body type):
  • On the Hatchback models, the Sedan and the Versatile person the nest for installation of a demountable towing eye in a front bumper is equipped with a folding protective cover;
  • On models of the Compartment and the Cabriolet the nest under installation of a forward towing eye is muffled by a round demountable stopper.
    1. Take from a cover being stored in a niche under запаску a demountable eye and screw its carving part in a nest against the stop.

      The eye is equipped with a left foreign carving therefore it should be rolled counter-clockwise.

    1. Do not forget to turn a key in the lock of ignition of the towed car in the situation ON, otherwise will inevitably work a blokirator of a steering column. Besides, at the included ignition indexes of turns and stoplights are activated also.
    2. Remember that at the switched-off engine efficiency of braking of the car considerably decreases because the vacuum amplifier of brakes ceases to function. Thus it is necessary to squeeze out a pedal of a foot brake with a little big, than usually effort. On the models equipped with the power steering, at maneuvering performance the bigger effort should be put to a steering wheel.

    At a troganiye from a place and gear shifting the driver of a towing vehicle should give particular attention to smoothness of an otpuskaniye of coupling. The driver of a towed vehicle should try to hold constantly a towing sling tense in order to avoid breakthroughs and arrivals on a sling wheels — in an ideal it is necessary to use a sling of an elastic design, and it is better — a rigid bar.

    Before a start of motion drivers of both vehicles (towing and towed) should coordinate among themselves a route.

    Movement should be carried out only with moderate speeds, on the shortest route and observance of traffic regulations. Avoid sharp braking, accelerations and maneuvering. Remember that at car towage on a roadside or a narrow dirt road always there is a danger of demolition out of carriageway limits.

    On both cars external lighting devices according to "Traffic regulations" should be switched on.

    Towage for the purpose of engine start

    Before trying to start the engine towage, it is necessary to use whenever possible the storage battery of other car for engine start — address to the following subsection.


    In order to avoid damage of the catalytic converter try to avoid whenever possible engine start by towage or pushing — use equipment of start from the auxiliary power supply (see. Engine start from the auxiliary power supply)!

    During towage it is necessary for driver of the towed car to adhere to the following rules:

     PERFORMANCE ORDER

    1. Before the beginning of towage include the 3rd transfer of RKPP, squeeze out a pedal of coupling and hold her in the pressed condition.
    2. Include ignition (position II of the lock of ignition).
    3. When both cars will be in movement, smoothly release a coupling pedal. Right after start implementation, in order to avoid arrival on a sling, switch off transfer.
    4. At towage of the car equipped with the catalytic converter (except diesel models) do not make start attempt at distance more than 50 m, otherwise not burned down fuel will get to the catalytic converter that can lead to an exit of the last out of operation.
    5. Start of equipped AT of the engine by means of towage is not obviously possible owing to design features of the unit.