Opel Astra, Zafira
since 1998 of release
Repair and car operation
+ Opel Astra and Zafira Cars
+ Operation manual
+ Routine maintenance
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
Opel Astra and Zafira cars – the summary
The Opel/Vauxhall Astra-G model was presented in Great Britain in February, 1998 on replacement of the previous Astra, the model "F". Models with bodies the Sedan, the Versatile person and the Hatchback were presented.
The Zafira series was started in production in June, 1999. The platform and a suspension bracket of Zafira is borrowed Astra, but the body has a design of the Versatile person of the Increased Capacity. Zafira not only has seven passenger seats located in three ranks — it can quickly be transformed to the spacious truck, thanks to Flex-7 system which allows to put a back row of seats level with a salon floor, forming a spacious cargo compartment.
The model range of Opel Astra/Zafira differs in extreme width of a range of consumers of engines brought to attention. The complete list of considered models of engines applied to a complete set is provided in Specifications at the beginning of Head the Engine. All engines belong to the class of ryadny 4-cylinder units with the top arrangement of one or two camshafts (SOHC or DOHC) and are established in a forward part of the car of cross-section diametrical plane of the last. In view of limitation of a place and avarice of sources of information, in the real Management the most typical representatives of each class of applied engines are in detail shined only, namely: petrol 8-клапанный the SOHC engine in volume of 1.6 l, a number of petrol 16-klapanny DOHC engines in volume from 1.4 to 2.0 l, and also 8-клапанные diesel engines in volume of 1.7 l of SOHC and DOHC and two representatives of turbirovanny 16-klapanny diesel engines of SOHC in volume of 2.0 l (for more details see. Head Engine).
Engines meet all modern requirements for the contents the fulfilled gases of toxic components.
Torque transfer from the engine to shaft of a drive of forward wheels is carried out by means of a 5-step manual box of gear shifting (RKPP) established on the left side of the power unit, or 4-step automatic transmission (AT) (for more details see. Heads Manual transmission and Automatic transmission).
The brake system is equipped by the regular vacuum amplifier. On all models disk brake mechanisms of forward wheels are used, back brake mechanisms can be both disk, and drum-type. In addition to entering into a standard complete set of the majority of the ABS models some models are equipped with antiprobuksovochny system (TCS), on some Versatile person/Zafira models the regulator of height of a road gleam of a back axis (is established see. Head Brake system).
Completely independent suspension bracket of forward wheels consists of MacPherson's racks and cross-section bottom levers. A suspension bracket of back wheels — semi-independent with a torsionny beam and two longitudinal levers (for more details see. Head Suspension bracket and steering).
Steering — reechny, with the hydraulic booster, the steering mechanism is located behind the engine. The electrohydraulic steering pump is established directly on the steering mechanism and does not demand service. The tank of hydraulic liquid is built in pump assembly (see. Head Suspension bracket and steering).
Both series (Astra and Zafira) are equipped with the full-size driver's safety cushions established as the standard equipment. Lateral and head safety cushions can enter into an additional complete set. The passenger safety cushion is established as the standard equipment, since January, 1999. The system of an immobilization of the engine is applied to protection against breaking. The regular radio tape recorder is equipped with a protective code.
The control system of speed (темпостат) can be established on some models by the special order.
For the motorist Astra/Zafira cars are simple in service, maintenance costs are minimized, and the majority of the knots demanding frequent attention, are readily available.
At regular and correct service the Astra/Zafira car will serve to the owner for many years, remaining reliable and very economic.